In addition to the classic espresso and filter coffee, there are many other types of hot drinks that are prepared on the basis of coffee or espresso. Some coffee specialities and their preparation are presented below.
Cappuccino - the mild, creamy pleasure
Like espresso, cappuccino from Italy is one of the classics. It consists of an equal amount of espresso, heated milk and milk froth. To prepare a cappuccino, an espresso is first made. The espresso is then placed in a cup holding about 120 millilitres and filled with hot milk and milk foam. To obtain a velvety, dense and creamy milk froth, froth hot fresh whole milk with a fat content. Finally, you can garnish the cappuccino over the crema with chocolate sprinkles or cocoa as desired. It can also be individually sweetened according to taste.
Latte Macchiato - the "stained milk" for connoisseurs
Latte macchiato, which translates as "stained milk", also originated in Italy. In this coffee speciality, 150 to 200 millilitres of milk or milk foam are added to 30 millilitres of espresso. First, the heated milk is filled into a tall glass and the espresso is added. Now fill the milk foam up to the edge of the glass. Since the milk froth is lighter than the espresso and the milk, the typical latte macchiato layering is created. This coffee speciality is served either with a long spoon or with a straw. With a straw you can enjoy each layer on its own, because they don't mix when you drink them. The latte macchiato can be sweetened with sugar as desired.
Milk coffee - the coffee speciality from southern Europe
Coffee with milk is very popular in many countries. In Italy, it is known as Caffè Latte, in France as Café au Lait and in Spain as Café con Leche. If you order a Galão or Meia de Leite in Portugal, you also get a latte with milk. All these variations are interpreted differently in different countries.
In Germany, a latte is made from filter coffee and warm milk in a 50:50 ratio. The freshly brewed coffee is placed in a large cup or bowl and filled with hot milk. It is also occasionally served with milk foam.
Coffee with milk, known in France as "Cafè au Lait", is prepared in the same way as the German version. This means that filter coffee and milk or milk foam in a mixture of 50:50 are also used for the Café au Lait. It is part of a French breakfast and is traditionally served in a so-called bol, which is a large cup without a handle.
For an Italian latte, a Caffè Latte, a normal or double espresso is filled with milk instead of filter coffee. The mixing ratio varies. Milk foam is generally not used. Depending on the time of year, Italians enjoy their latte with either warm or cold milk.
In Spain, too, milk coffee is prepared under the name "Café con Leche". The preparation of the drink is similar to that of the Italians. Espresso is also used for the Café con Leche. However, the Spaniards supplement the milk with milk foam. This gives the coffee speciality a French component.
In Portugal, the milk coffee called Galão, similar to the Italian Caffé Latte consists of an espresso stretched with hot milk. It is prepared in a glass-like the Latte Macchiato. If you want to enjoy a Meia de Leite in Portugal, you will get the Portuguese interpretation of the French Café au Lait. However, the Meia de Leite is made from 50 percent espresso lungo and 50 percent milk.
Mocha or Turkish coffee - the world's oldest coffee speciality
Mocha or Turkish coffee from Turkey is not only the oldest coffee speciality in the world, but it has also been declared a UNESCO cultural heritage site. It is not only a great pleasure in the Arabic regions. It is also very popular in Germany. To prepare this coffee speciality, a long-stemmed pot, fine coffee grounds and water are needed. The coffee powder is usually boiled twice with the water in the pot. When the first boiling process is finished, the resulting froth is placed spoon by spoon into the cups rinsed with hot water. Then the drink is boiled a second time and the coffee and coffee powder are filled into the cups. Now the coffee must brew until the coffee particles have settled. This process can be accelerated by adding a few drops of ice-cold water. You can give the mocha an oriental touch by adding a pinch of cardamom, cloves or cinnamon.
The perfect Latte Macchiato with a milk frother
If you want to enjoy your coffee properly, you can complement it with delicious milk foam. In our opinion, milk frothers with induction are best for frothing milk. You can find out which models are the best in our large Milk Frother Test.